Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, is a condition that occurs in women who are still in their child-bearing years. It is an endocrine disorder that has to do with a disruption in the production and release of female hormones and sometimes results in the ovary developing multiple cysts. It can also be associated with an abnormality of blood sugar metabolism which can lead to a higher risk of developing diabetes later in life. When the ovary is looked at through the use of ultrasound, numerous follicles are present. Follicles are small, fluid-filled areas inside the ovary that are the result of an imbalance of female hormones. While the cause of PCOS is undetermined, the condition can be effectively treated and managed through the use of various treatment options designed to bring the hormones back into balance.
Endocrinologists will use different therapies to help regulate the production and release of the various types of hormones that can influence polycystic ovary syndrome. The doctor may also recommend different lifestyle changes that will help to bring the body back into balance naturally. Losing excess weight, eating a healthier diet, exercising on a regular basis, lowering your consumption of alcohol and tobacco, and getting a sufficient amount of rest will help keep the body's hormones in balance without the use strong medications. Hormone replacement therapy or birth control may be used, depending on the circumstances.
Because PCOS is a condition related to hormones, it stands to reason that if one hormone is out of balance, others may be as well. If PCOS is left untreated, the delicate balance will continue to go further and further out of balance and may result in any number of possible health problems. This can include metabolic syndrome, excessively high cholesterol levels, Type 2 Diabetes, abnormal uterine bleeding, irregular periods, excessive abdominal cramping, and cancer of the uterus and other female organs. Women who have been diagnosed with PCOS can work with their endocrinologist to find effective ways to treat the condition as well as restore the body's delicate hormonal balance.
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